Forget everything you thought you knew about custody in Illinois, or what your divorced friends have told you about custody in Illinois. Come January 1, 2016, custody in Illinois ends as we know it.
Bye-bye Sole Custody, Joint Custody and Visitation
Are you seeking sole custody or joint custody with visitation? After January 1, 2016, those terms will no longer exist. The new framework is allocation of parental responsibilities with parenting time. Parental responsibility is broken down into categories, such as health, education, religion, extra-curricular activities, etc. One or both parents is given sole or joint responsibility for these categories. No one knows how the new law will play out in court, but the purpose was to level the playing field. Under the current scheme, to defeat joint custody, the parent seeking sole custody usually argued that the parties don’t get along and that joint custody would be burdensome. Under the new framework, both parents are equal stakeholders with the purpose of the law being to maximize the time the child spends with both parents and to encourage cooperation, rather than adversity, in child rearing.
Child’s Best Interest for Allocation of Parenting Time
The current statutory framework is amended as follows: In determining the child’s best interests for purposes of allocating parenting time, the court shall consider all relevant factors, including, without limitation, the following:
- the wishes of each parent seeking parenting time;
- the wishes of the child, taking into account the child’s maturity and ability to express reasoned and independent preferences as to parenting time;
- the amount of time each parent spent performing caretaking functions with respect to the child in the 24 months preceding the filing of any petition for allocation of parental responsibilities or, if the child is under 2 years of age, since the child’s birth;
- any prior agreement or course of conduct between the parents relating to caretaking functions with respect to the child;
- the interaction and interrelationship of the child with his or her parents and siblings and with any other person who may significantly affect the child’s best interests;
- the child’s adjustment to his or her home, school,and community;
- the mental and physical health of all individual involved;
- the child’s needs;
- the distance between the parents’ residences, the cost and difficulty of transporting the child, each parent’s and the child’s daily schedules, and the ability of the parents to cooperate in the arrangement;
- whether a restriction on parenting time is appropriate;
- the physical violence or threat of physical violence by the child’s parent directed against the child or other member of the child’s household;
- the willingness and ability of each parent to place the needs of the child ahead of his or her own needs;
- the willingness and ability of each parent to facilitate and encourage a close and continuing relationship between the other parent and the child;
- the occurrence of abuse against the child or other member of the child’s household;
- whether one of the parents is a convicted sex offender or lives with a convicted sex offender and, if so, the exact nature of the offense and what if any treatment the offender has successfully participated in; the parties are entitled to a hearing on the issues raised in this paragraph
- the terms of a parent’s military family-care plan that a parent must complete before deployment if a parent is a member of the United States Armed Forces who is being deployed; and
- any other factor that the court expressly finds to be relevant.
What Does this Mean for Divorces with Children?
It means that parenting agreements will necessarily be much more complex, making it imperative that you hire a competent attorney who is well versed in the new law. Many of my cases are complicated custody cases, and child representatives have already started implementing the changes, as have the judges that I’ve been before in anticipation of the new law. This means that come January 1, 2016, I will be ahead of the curve.
What do I do next?
To schedule an appointment, please call Rhonda Stuart at (708) 466-6912.